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This site is dedicated to American veterans everywhere and in memory of US Army, DAV, Robert W. Herbert

Women In The Military


The Revolutionary War

Women have been serving in the military since the Revolutionary War. Although they were not allowed to be soldiers, many fought for their country by pretending they were men. Interesting women to research from this period are:

Deborah Samson (Sampson)
Nancy Morgan Hart
Anne Bailey
Molly Pitcher (Mary Hays McCauly / McCauley)


Nancy Morgan Hart by Louis S. Glanzman




Anne Bailey



Molly Pitcher





The Civil War

It is estimated that over 400 women served as soldiers on both sides during the Civil War and over 80 were wounded or killed. Thousands served as nurses. Interesting women to research from this period are:

Doctor Mary Walker
Sarah Emma Edmonds
Jennie Hodgers
Cathay Williams
Annie Ethridge




Sara Emma Edmonds Cathay Williams
(Picture by William Jennings)




Jennie Hodgers





War Of 1812

Research Lucy Brewer



The Spanish American War

During the period from 1898 to 1902 over 1,500 women served on hospital ships. Interesting women from this period are:

Clara Maass
Ellen May Tower




Clara Maass





World War I

During World War I over 30,000 women served. During that time the Army and Navy Nurse Corps was established. Over 13,000 enlisted in the Navy and Marine Corps. An interesting woman to research is Helen Fairchild.





Helen Fairchild





World War II

On May 14, 1942 a bill to “Establish a Women`s Army Auxiliary Corp” become law. WAC`s were now part of the Army, not the Auxiliary. Over 5,000 served in the southwest Pacific and 1,619 received medals, citations and commendations. Sixteen women received the Purple Heart and five hundred and sixty five received the Bronze Star. More than 700 WASPS (Women Air Force Service Pilots) received medals and citations. Even though women were wounded, killed and became POWs they were still denied full military status. In 1977 Congress declared WASPs were Veterans of WWII. In 1979 they gained acceptance by the Air Force. General Eisenhower cleared the way for women as part of the military and on June 12 President Truman signed the Women`s Armed Services Act of 1948.




Korea War

Very little is known about the 120,000 women who were on active duty during the Korean War. These women were part of the WACS (Women`s Army Corp), WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service or Navy Reserve), WAFS (Women`s Air Force) and Women Marines.




Vietnam

There are not many records about the women who served in Vietnam. Many are incomplete and tell very little about the over 7,500 who served bravely in that country, as well as over 265,000 who served throughout the world during the years of the Vietnam War. It is known that:

Over 500 WACs served
Over 600 Air Force women served
Women Marines served
Army, Air Force, and Navy nurses and medical specialists served
Many other women served from the Red Cross, Special Services and Civil service

The women who served in Vietnam suffered the same conditions as the men who served. Many received the Purple Heart, the Bronze Star and other medals of commendation. Finally, on November 11, 1993 the Vietnam Women’s Memorial was dedicated in Washington DC. It is the first memorial, dedicated to women in the military, in our Nations Capitol.

The Vietnam Women's Memorial
Washington DC




Desert Shield / Desert Storm

The Persian Gulf conflict began on August 2, 1990. On January 16, when Desert Storm began, 40,000 women served in the region.




Grenada--Operation Urgent Fury

Over two hundred Army women served. An interesting woman to research is Eileen Collins. She later became the first woman Shuttle Commander for NASA on STS 93 and then commanded the STS114 Discovery crew in 2005.




Eileen Collins





Panama--Operation Just Cause

Over 800 women served in this conflict in 1989.





Somalia

From 1992 to 1994 over 1,000 women served.





Haiti

Over 1200 women served.





Although women have served in all major conflicts they are still not allowed to be part of several service divisions. The Army, Navy, Marines and Air Force all have restrictions for women. The Coast Guard has no restrictions.

There are many books written on women in the military. Some examples are:

“Patriots in Disquise” by Richard Hall
“We Band of Angels” by Elizabeth M. Norman
“She Went to War, The Rhonda Cornum Story” by Peter Copeland
“Women in War” by Frank Moore




More Information
userpages.aug.com/captbarb/lives.html
womenshistory.about.com/od/militarywar




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